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Spine ConditionsSpine Conditions

Herniated Disc

Herniated Disc

A slipped disc can happen anywhere in the spine, and surprisingly, a slipped disc does not actually slip. Instead, the disc, which is located between the bones of the spine (vertebrae), splits or ruptures. When this happens, the inner gel-like substance (nucleus pulposus) leaks out. This is called a herniation of the nucleus pulposus—or a […]

Bulging Disc

Bulging Disc

Quite simply put, a bulging disc is a bulge in the outer layer of a vertebral disc. A disc bulge happens when the outer shell of a spinal disc weakens to the point where pressure causes it to bulge. Not all disc bulges will actually cause symptoms; they only happen when the bulge rubs or […]

Slipped Disc

Slipped Disc

A slipped disc, also called a prolapsed or herniated disc, occurs when one of the discs of the spine is ruptured (splits) and the gel inside leaks out. This causes back pain and can also cause pain in other areas of the body. The spine The spine is made up of 24 individual bones called […]

Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)

Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)

Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is typically associated with aging. As you age, your discs, like other joints in the body, can degenerate (break down) and become problematic: that’s a natural part of growing older as your body deals with years of strain, overuse, and maybe even misuse. However, DDD can occur in people as young as […]

Back Pain – Lumbar Pain

Back Pain – Lumbar Pain

As you probably already know, back pain is a very common complaint. About three in four adults will experience back pain during their lifetime—and that number may very well rise, given our aging population and recent trend of obesity. Low back pain (pain in your lumbar spine) is the most common. Most back pain comes […]

Sciatica

Sciatica

You know what it feels like: shooting pain down your leg. You might also have tingling or numbness. Your doctor says it’s sciatica, but confusingly enough, sciatica isn’t actually a condition. It’s a medical term used to describe symptoms—the shooting pain, tingling, and numbness—caused by a low back condition. That means that your sciatica could […]

Spinal Canal Stenosis

Spinal Canal Stenosis

Understanding spinal stenosis begins with a Greek lesson: stenosis means “a narrowing.” So spinal stenosis is a narrowing of your spine. In a more detailed explanation, spinal stenosis is when the channels that your spinal cord and nerve roots travel through become narrower-so narrow that your spinal cord and nerve roots get squeezed. Doctors often call […]

Neck Pain – Cervical Pain

Neck Pain – Cervical Pain

Over many years our necks are subjected to repeated stress and minor injury. These injuries may not hurt at the time, but repeated injuries add up and can eventually result in degeneration of the cervical spine causing neck pain. Most neck pain is due to degenerative changes that occur in the neck. The overall condition […]

Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolisthesis occurs when one vertebra slips forward in relation to an adjacent vertebra, usually in the lumbar spine. The symptoms that accompany a spondylolisthesis include pain in the low back, thighs, and/or legs, muscle spasms, weakness, and/or tight hamstring muscles. Some people are symptom free and find the disorder exists when revealed on an x-ray. […]

Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS)

Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS)

Your Failed Back Surgery Syndrome likely resulted from an “open“ or fusion spine surgery. In the Axis Special Hospital (Vertebris International Spine Hospital), we specialize in correcting problems that result from failed previous “open” and fusion back surgeries. Causes of Failed Back Surgery Syndrome Some of the most common causes of failed open back surgery are: […]

Facet Joint Pain

Facet Joint Pain

The facet joints help support weight-bearing and control movement between vertebrae of the spine. They work together with the discs to form a functional unit. There are two joints (one on each side) at each spinal segment. These joints are much like any other joint in the body and may become arthritic and create joint […]

Spinal Fracture

Spinal Fracture

Spinal fractures can occur at any segment of the spinal column. The spinal column is made up of multiple vertebrae. Spinal fractures can involve the vertebral body or the posterior elements of the spine. The posterior elements form the back wall of the spinal canal and provide protection for the spinal cord. Spinal fractures can […]

Spinal Instability

Spinal Instability

What is Spinal Instability Excessive motion of vertebral bodies in relation to one another is considered spinal instability. Some motion is, of course, normal. Motion can be described as instability when the motion is significantly greater than that at adjacent levels. Spinal instability can be the result of an injury, degenerative process, tumor, previous surgery […]

Radiculopathy

Radiculopathy

Our surgeries can reduce and eliminate the referred pain from the radiculopathy you are experiencing in your back, neck, or extremities. The Axis Special Hospital (Vertebris International Spine Hospital) procedures are a respected and proven solution for radiculitis, the inflammation of nerve roots, and various other conditions that cause cervical and lumbar radiculopathy. Symptoms of Radiculopathy Some […]

Bone Spurs and Osteophytes

Bone Spurs and Osteophytes

Bone spurs (or osteophytes) themselves aren’t painful — but as you likely know, when they rub against nearby nerves or narrow the spaces between the vertebra through which nerves pass, they cause severe pain. The Axis Special Hospital (Vertebris International Spine Hospital) is a pioneer and leader in bone spur and osteophyte laser spine surgeries that restore […]

Foraminal Stenosis

Foraminal Stenosis

As a nerve root leaves the canal through a side hole called the lateral foramen, a disc herniation, bone spur, cartilage fragment, scar tissue or any other unnatural growth or obstruction can press on the nerve root. This type of stenosis may is called lateral spinal stenosis. This is by far the most common form […]